Attabad Lake is a lake in Gojal Valley, Hunza, Gilgit Baltistan, Pakistan The lake became created in January 2010 because of the Attabad Disaster. Attabad Lake has come to be one among the most important traveller sights in Gilgit-Baltistan imparting activities like boating, jet skiing, fishing and different leisure sports.
The lake changed into formed because of a huge landslide at Attabad Village in Hunza Valley in Gilgit-Baltistan, 14 kilometres (9 mi) upstream (east) of Karimabad that passed off on 4 January 2010. The landslide killed twenty people and blocked the glide of the Hunza River for 5 months. The lake flooding has displaced 6,000 humans from upstream villages, stranded (from land transportation routes) a further 25,000, and inundated over 19 kilometres (12 mi) of the Karakoram Highway. The lake reached 21 kilometres (13 mi) long and over 100 metres (330 toes) in depth with the aid of the primary week of June 2010 whilst it started out flowing over the landslide dam, absolutely submerging decrease Shishkat and partly flooding Gulmit. The subdivision of Gojal has the best quantity of flooded homes, over 170 homes, and a hundred and twenty shops. The citizens also had shortages of meals and different items due to the blockage of the Karakoram Highway. By 4 June water outflow from the lake had accelerated to 100 m3/s (three,seven-hundred cu toes/s).
Water ranges persisted to upward push in 18 June 2010 caused by a difference in the outflow and influx of the brand new lake. As horrific weather persevered, the deliver of meals, remedy and different items became stopped as all forms of transportation which include helicopter carrier to Hunza could not resume.
Aftermath of landslide
Victims of the landslide and growth of the lake staged a take a seat-in protesting the dearth of government action and compensation bills to them.
As a end result of the damming of Hunza River, five villages north of the barrier have been flooded. One village, Ayeenabad, turned into completely submerged. Major quantities of some other village, Shishkat, turned into additionally submerged. Around forty% of the village of Gulmit, which also serves as the headquarters of Gojal Valley, was additionally submerged. Significant portions of land in Hussaini and Ghulkin villages of Gojal also were given submerged due to the surging lake.
The whole populace of Hunza and Gojal valley, up to 25,000 individuals, were affected due to the lake, because of problems of avenue access and reaching commercial enterprise markets and loss of land, homes, and agricultural products.
Attabad Lake has been visited by means of former Prime Ministers Yousuf Raza Gillani and Nawaz Sharif, and with the aid of the Chief Minister of Punjab Shahbaz Sharif, Sharif introduced Rs 100 million of useful resource for the sufferers from the Punjab authorities and Rs zero.Five million for the loved ones of folks that died inside the landslide.
Areas downstream from the lake remained on alert notwithstanding some officials believing that a first-rate flood scenario become less possibly because the river began flowing over the landslide dam during the primary week of June 2010. Many human beings had been evacuated to 195 relief camps. Two hospitals downstream, the Kashrote Eye Vision Hospital and the Aga Khan Health Service, evacuated each their body of workers and equipment. Some officers had incorrectly expected that as quickly as the lake began flowing over the landslide dam, an 18-metre (60 toes) wave might hit the regions straight away downstream.
As of 14 June 2010, the water level persevered to upward push. DawnNews pronounced that “242 houses, a hundred thirty five shops, 4 inns, faculties, 4 factories, and several hundred acres of agricultural land” have been flooded, and that villagers had been receiving meals and faculty fee subsidies. They pronounced that 25 kilometres (16 mi) of the Karakoram Highway and 6 bridges had been destroyed.
Frontier Works Organization blasted the spillway of the lake first on 27 March 2012 after which on 15 May 2012, lowering the lake’s water level by means of at the least 10 metres (33 toes).